By the term "sensory room", we are talking about a specific room, with specific sensory equipment and activities, to benefit specific sensory processing difficulties.
The room must be tailored to one's specific sensory needs just the same as, for example, you purchase a mattress and/or pillow. Some people will prefer a firm mattress and firm pillow, some prefer a soft mattress and soft pillow, and some prefer a combination, soft mattress with a hard pillow or vice versa.
Although a sensory room will be tailored to address an individual's unique needs, (and ideally would be set up with input from a knowledgeable professional such as an occupational therapist) there is also certain equipment which can have therapeutic sensory system effects on most anyone.
The reason for this is because it will become therapeutic depending on how, when, and why the equipment or activities are used. The professional guidance needs to come in regards to how, when, and why... it can then benefit anyone on opposite ends of the sensory processing continuum.
This article will tell you about equipment and activities that can be used for both hypo- and hyper- sensitivity, as well as specific suggestions for one end of the spectrum or the other.
(Yes, I admit, this is tricky... often children don't neatly fall on one end or another, but fluctuate back and forth. Exactly! This is precisely the reason an OT can help you set up a room specific to you or your child's needs.)
Remember, the point of a sensory room is to calm or stimulate an individual through each of the senses. Also keep in mind, when we are talking about sensory processing, we like to refer to the 7 or 8 senses instead of the usual 5, so be sure to include them all in your sensory room!Click Here For Everything You Need To Build Your Own SPD Room
Sheffield Children's Hospital Ryegate Sensory Room
I will start with one of the most common items you should include in a sensory room... a swing that moves in one plane
Unfortunately, these are expensive. The cost is much more "justifiable" and achievable in a clinic or rehab facility. If you can afford one, fantastic! It will be money well spent. It would definitely be the ONE piece of equipment you would want.
If you are setting up a sensory room in your own home, and are looking for a cheaper alternative, hammocks, hammock chairs, glider swings, and glider rockers can give you some of the same effects. Either way, the gentle swinging motion can be both soothing or stimulating depending on its use.
Visual Input And LightingA good sensory room will have controllable light sources and light therapy. Most importantly, make sure there are absolutely no fluorescent lights (they are bothersome even to people without sensory processing disorders)! Color cubes, fiber optic light sources, rope lights, and/or low wattage pastel colored light bulbs are all good ideas.
As discussed in my aromatherapy machines article, aromatherapy is quite beneficial to children with sensory processing disorders. For this reason, you will want to include some variety of particular aromas which can be used via different mediums in your sensory room.
The various "mediums" can include scented oils, scented candles (if safe for the person you are using it for), aroma diffusers, scented markers, scented playdoh, toys, scented stuffed animals or blankets, and/or scented neck wraps, eye masks, scented potpouri and sprays.
Remember, the particular scents you use will vary with the effects you are trying to achieve. For example, great calming scents include (among many others!); vanilla, lavender, peppermint, or jasmine. Stimulating scents include (among others); cinnamon, strong sweet or sour smells, floral scents, or spices.
Taste (Oral / Oral-Motor)
Supervised licking, sucking, tasting, or chewing a variety of foods, liquids, gum, or candy is a great activity to include in your sensory room.
For hyposensitive individuals include sweet, salty, spicy, and/or sour flavors. For hypersensitive individuals, just one new taste or texture at a time!
Meet them at their level! Do not force them to eat anything they are extremely anxious about. If you must, due to extreme sensitivities, give them many opportunities to explore the food through their other senses - i.e., sight, smell, feel etc. - before introducing it orally.
Also beneficial to both hyper- and hypo- sensitive
individuals are oral massagers; to be used prior to eating and/or
trying new foods and textures. Use the oral massagers to stimulate mouth,
cheeks, tongue, palate, and lips to decrease hypersensitivities or
increase input they are craving.
Oral Sensitivities - A great resource for the signs of oral sensitivities - hypersensitive or hyposensitive - as it relates to Sensory Processing Disorders, as well as great treatment ideas!
Oral Defensiveness - Want to know how to help your child with oral defensiveness tolerate dentist visits better? Then you don't want to miss these specific techniques!
Sensory rooms beg for good proprioceptive input! Click here for an in depth understanding of proprioception) Anything which will allow the individual to be "squished" or "hugged" will give the deep pressure input their bodies crave.
You can use therapy balls to roll on top of them, weighted vests and blankets, big floor pillows, bean bag chairs, lycra swings, and hammocks. Deep pressure input applied correctly and at the proper time will calm, relax, and soothe even the highest energy kids!
You will also want your sensory room to provide
opportunities for activities which give muscles and joints significant use
and pressure. Some great ideas are:
hippity hop balls, mini trampolines, squeeze/fidget
toys, and things to climb or hang on.
Heavy Work Activities - an extensive list of heavy work activities and proprioceptive input (gross motor, fine motor, oral motor, etc.) which are useful in calming unfocused, overaroused children.
Tactile / Touch / Feel
Tactile experiences will be the easiest to supply in your sensory room, after all, everything has it's own texture and feel. However, popular tactile input activities will include: playdoh, funny foam, "gak", "glop" (see playdoh recipes) , zyrofoam, textured balls, tactile walls, boards and books, and/or textured puzzles, sensory brushing with surgical brush (using Wilbarger brushing protocol), coloring over textured materials, fingerpaints (regular, or using pudding and/or Kool Aid mix, etc.), koosh balls, using various materials (i.e., satin, carpet swatches, silk, lambswool, washcloths, cotton balls, etc.), and don't forget massagers and vibrating kids toys.
Lastly, we must not forget the soothing sounds! They come in all types
of mediums; sound pillows, sound eye masks, CD's, tapes, nature sound
machines, white noise machines, indoor wind chimes, etc. Nature sounds,
white noise, classical music, or new age music are the most popular
choices for calming, organizing input.
Naturally, I could go on and on (oops, already did) with specific suggestions! Whether you are working with an Occupational Therapist or not, you may instinctively know what is calming, soothing, or stimulating from previous experience or even common sense.
Also, know that new sensory experiences are encouraged and necessary to test out
and provide for your child. You truly may not know how a particular
sensory experience will effect your child until you try it.
And, above all... have fun! This should be a pleasurable, calming,
organizing, exploratory experience!
Do You Have A Sensory Room?
Do you have your own sensory room at home? Tell us about it! How did you set it up... what kind of products did you use etc. Share it the readers of Sensory-Processing-Disorder.com
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